AskDefine | Define acrylate

Dictionary Definition

acrylate n : a salt or ester of propenoic acid [syn: propenoate]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Noun

  1. Any salt or ester of acrylic acid.

Extensive Definition

The acrylate ion (CH2=CHCOO−) is the ion of acrylic acid. Acrylates are the salts and esters of acrylic acid. They are also known as propenoates (since acrylic acid is also known as 2-propenoic acid).
Acrylates contain vinyl groups, that is, two carbon atoms double bonded to each other, directly attached to the carbonyl carbon.
Acrylates and methacrylates (the salts and esters of methacrylic acid) are common monomers in polymer plastics, forming the acrylate polymers. Acrylates easily form polymers because the double bonds are very reactive.
Acrylate is used by marine phytoplankton as a poisonous defense against predators such as protozoa. When attacked, DMSP lyase breaks down DMSP into DMS (g) and acrylate.

See also

acrylate in French: Acrylate
acrylate in Portuguese: Acrilato
acrylate in Russian: Акрилаты
acrylate in Slovenian: Akrilat
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